• This past week there was a high level of violence during the “return march.” The number of “return march” participants increased, IEDs and hand grenades were thrown at IDF soldiers and at the security fence, and there were a number of attempts to break through the security fence and enter Israeli territory. Senior Hamas figures said the marches would continue, and that they were considering intensifying the “return march” methods.
  • In response to the violence, Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked a Hamas post (January 11, 2019). On the night of January 12, 2019, a rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked two underground Hamas facilities in the northern Gaza Strip.
  • On January 10, 2019, an Egyptian delegation visited the Gaza Strip. On the agenda were discussions about opening the Rafah Crossing, which has been only partially functional since the Palestinian Authority (PA) officials left (the crossing is currently open only for entrance into the Gaza Strip). A senior Palestinian figure claimed the Egyptians promised to open the crossing regardless of whether or not the PA authorized the return of its officials.
  • In the northern arena Israel announced the end of Operation Northern Shield, carried out to locate and neutralize Hezbollah tunnels penetrating into Israeli territory. During the operation six tunnels were exposed and neutralized. The most recent tunnel, which was the largest and most complex, was dug from the Lebanese village of Ramyeh (in the central sector of the Lebanese-Israeli border) and penetrated several dozen yards into Israeli territory. The Lebanese government, in an effort to deflect attention from Hezbollah’s tunnel project, launched a political and media campaign accusing Israel of violating Lebanese sovereignty by erecting a security fence along the border (especially in the region of Adaisseh, across the border from the Israeli community of Misgav Am).

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