The objective of this study is to present an overview and initial insights regarding the preventive measures taken by the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Hamas to check the spread of COVID-19 during the first month of its outbreak. It examines the spread of contagion, the behavior of the PA and Hamas, and the potential threats for Israel if the disease spreads unchecked. This overview and insights are based on methodical observations carried out by ITIC researchers once the first cases of COVID-19 were discovered in Judea, Samaria and in the Gaza Strip.