During 2018 Hamas has continued providing military training for students in government high schools in the Gaza Strip, with the “return marches” and ongoing tension with Israel in the background. The training is part of the al-Futuwwa (“youth/heroism”) program, which prepares them to join the ranks of Hamas (and other terrorist organizations) in the future. The government schools in the Gaza Strip are technically subordinate to the ministry of education of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in Ramallah, but in reality Hamas controls the operation of the system of education in the Gaza Strip.