The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) serves five million descendants of the Arab refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War of Independence, who still subsist in refugee conditions, under the premise of the “right of return” – by force of arms – to Arab villages inside Israel that existed before 1948.

UNRWA declares itself to be “one of the largest United Nations programs, with 30,000 personnel working across five areas of operations.” UNRWA manages the education of 492,000 students, who are indoctrinated with the idea that the “right of return” to what is now Israel is the goal for which they must live and die, a recurring theme in the official Palestinian Authority textbooks used in UNRWA schools.

It is an ongoing recipe for disaster. This is one of the greatest human rights tragedies of the 21st century. UNRWA perpetuates stateless status of refugees and their descendants, reinforcing a life of limbo and despair.

The UNRWA Reform Initiative (U.R.I.) was launched by The Center for Near East Policy Research, which has been conducting news investigations and producing films since 1987. Our continued focus remains on pushing policy change at UNRWA, The United Nations Relief and Works Agency.[1] It is understood that the Arab-Israeli conflict is nowhere near an end, however, the UNRWA Reform Initiative’s objective is to put an end to the humanitarian crisis facing descendants of Arab refugees from 1948.

In the recent 2014 war with Hamas, during a regular inspection, 20 missiles were found in an UNRWA school,[2] making this the second account of weapons found in UNRWA operated schools. “‘UNRWA schools were established to educate children in Gaza, but instead they are providing a hiding place for rockets meant to kill children in Israel,’“ said Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman, who also slammed the world body for returning the missiles found in UNRWA schools back to Hamas.

Yet another account of rockets  being found in an UNRWA school in the Gaza Strip, making this the third account of weapons founds in UNRWA operated schools. Israel has repeatedly stated that it’s has been fired on from around UNRWA schools and considering UNRWA admits the presence of rockets in its facilities, it’s hard to deny the Israeli claim.

The United Nations cannot change UNRWA programs unassisted. UNRWA operates under the assistance of 38 donor nations, who could use their financial power to request that UNRWA reforms their programs and curriculum to rightfully reflect their slogan of “Peace Starts Here” and start to put peace and reconciliation on their agenda.

In 2013, a total of $1,108,898,129 was donated to UNRWA. $294,023,401 of those 2013 donations were contributed by the United States.[3]

The agenda of U.R.I. is to petition legislators of all donor nations to ask that UNRWA funding be predicated on a change in UNRWA policy. In reality, every citizen of every donor nation can take the initiative to reform UNRWA, by asking each respective legislature to require that UNRWA: Not use textbooks or teachers that encourage children to engage in acts of war, stop support for designated foreign terrorist entities such as Hamas, cease promotion of the “right of return” through “armed struggle,  adopt internationally accepted UNHCR definitions of refugee status and not to bequeath refugee status on descendants of refugees from 66 years ago.

We have filmed UNRWA students in Jerusalem and throughout the region, who openly speak about how UNRWA “education” inspires them to kill Jews. Our most recent film released on May 27th, will now be shown at legislative bodies: ‘The UNRWA Road to Terror: Palestinian Classroom Incitement,’ which portrays war education that has no place in a United Nations facility.

Our agency is preparing a detailed guide for legislative bodies to learn about new textbooks produced by the Palestinian Authority for use in the UNRWA schools. Elected officials of donor nations will listen.

At a time of deadlock in political negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, the donor nations can use their leverage to find a solution to the humanitarian plight of the refugees. Instead of just throwing money at UNRWA, donors could advance policies that could improve living conditions of UNRWA refugee residents and offer a realistic humanitarian alternative to the current “refugee status in perpetuity” which fosters a “right of return” mantra that UNRWA currently drums into the minds of half a million UNRWA students.

In that context, the donor nations could address six policy challenges, which could guide a new way of UNRWA policy reform:

  1. Ask for an audit of donor funds that flow to UNRWA This would address widespread documented reports of wasted resources, duplicity of services and the undesired flow of cash to Gaza-based terror groups, which gained control over UNRWA operations in Gaza over the past 18 years.
  2. Introduce UNHCR standards to UNRWA to advance the resettlement of Arab refugees, after 67 years. Current UNRWA policy is that refugee resettlement would interfere with the “right of return” to Arab villages that existed before 1948.
  3. Cancel the new UNRWA curriculum which incorporate principles of Jihad, martyrdom and an “right of return” by force of arms, in UN schools which are supposed to promote the UNRWA slogan of “Peace Starts Here.”
  4. Cease paramilitary training in all UNRWA schools UNRWA should demonstrate commitment to UN principles for “peace education”.
  5. Insist that UNRWA dismiss employees who are affiliated with Hamas in accordance with laws on the books in Western nations, which forbid aid to any agency that employs members of a terrorist organization.
  6. Insist that UNRWA cancel its contract with “youth ambassador” Mohammad Assaf to travel the world encouraging violence. Would this not be the appropriate time for donor nations to ask that UNRWA cancel that contract with a harbinger of war?  

The Center for Near East Policy Research seeks sponsorship to conduct UNRWA policy reform briefings at those legislative bodies that donate to UNRWA. Our UNRWA policy experts are as follows:

  • Dr. Arnon Gross, UNRWA textbook reviewer and expert on Arab affairs
  • Lt. Col (res) Jonathan Ha Levi, expert on Hamas takeover of UNRWA schools

Please consider this most important initiative as a fundamental solution to the plight of Palestinian refugees and a means to an end of the Arab-Israeli conflict. All donor nations have an opportunity to address a pressing humanitarian issue that can be solved.

To lend your support to the UNRWA Reform Initiative:


  1. This is an important web site, I am impressed, and I will endeavor to read your reports. Might I suggest that you reach out to Nitsana Darshan-Leitner and her organization. They might be able to assist from a legal perspective. Also, Bibi’s new government appears to finally be taking a more aggressive approach in a number of areas, and might be enlisted in your efforts. I’m not sure which ministerial offices can help, but I’m sure one or more would want to lend a sympathetic ear and possible assistance. As for a donation, I would love to, but have lost my home and life savings due to a legal matter. Perhaps I’ll find the proverbial pot at the end of the rainbow some day. G-d bless you!


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David Bedein
David Bedein is an MSW community organizer and an investigative journalist.   In 1987, Bedein established the Israel Resource News Agency at Beit Agron to accompany foreign journalists in their coverage of Israel, to balance the media lobbies established by the PLO and their allies.   Mr. Bedein has reported for news outlets such as CNN Radio, Makor Rishon, Philadelphia Inquirer, Los Angeles Times, BBC and The Jerusalem Post, For four years, Mr. Bedein acted as the Middle East correspondent for The Philadelphia Bulletin, writing 1,062 articles until the newspaper ceased operation in 2010. Bedein has covered breaking Middle East negotiations in Oslo, Ottawa, Shepherdstown, The Wye Plantation, Annapolis, Geneva, Nicosia, Washington, D.C., London, Bonn, and Vienna. Bedein has overseen investigative studies of the Palestinian Authority, the Expulsion Process from Gush Katif and Samaria, The Peres Center for Peace, Peace Now, The International Center for Economic Cooperation of Yossi Beilin, the ISM, Adalah, and the New Israel Fund.   Since 2005, Bedein has also served as Director of the Center for Near East Policy Research.   A focus of the center's investigations is The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). In that context, Bedein authored Roadblock to Peace: How the UN Perpetuates the Arab-Israeli Conflict - UNRWA Policies Reconsidered, which caps Bedein's 28 years of investigations of UNRWA. The Center for Near East Policy Research has been instrumental in reaching elected officials, decision makers and journalists, commissioning studies, reports, news stories and films. In 2009, the center began decided to produce short movies, in addition to monographs, to film every aspect of UNRWA education in a clear and cogent fashion.   The center has so far produced seven short documentary pieces n UNRWA which have received international acclaim and recognition, showing how which UNRWA promotes anti-Semitism and incitement to violence in their education'   In sum, Bedein has pioneered The UNRWA Reform Initiative, a strategy which calls for donor nations to insist on reasonable reforms of UNRWA. Bedein and his team of experts provide timely briefings to members to legislative bodies world wide, bringing the results of his investigations to donor nations, while demanding reforms based on transparency, refugee resettlement and the demand that terrorists be removed from the UNRWA schools and UNRWA payroll.   Bedein's work can be found at: and A new site,, will be launched very soon.